Freytag’s Pyramid

On the second week of class, I have learned about the Dramatic structure. Also known as Freytag’s Pyramid. Freytag’s Pyramid is the structure of a dramatic work such as a play or film. The pyramid has five parts, or acts, which some refer to as a dramatic arc: exposition, rising action, climax, falling action, and dénouement.

The exposition is the part of a story that introduces important background information to the audience, such as information about the setting, events occurring before the main plot, and characters’ back stories.

The rising action of a story is the series of events that begin immediately after the exposition (introduction) of the story and builds up to the climax. These events are generally the most important parts of the story since the entire plot depends on them to set up the climax, and ultimately the satisfactory resolution of the story itself.

The climax is the turning point, which changes the protagonist’s fate. If the story is a comedy, things will have gone badly for the protagonist up to this point. If the story is a tragedy, the opposite state of affairs will ensue.

During the falling action, the conflict between the protagonist and the antagonist unravels, the protagonist either wins or loses against the antagonist. The falling action may contain a moment of final suspense, in which the final outcome of the conflict is in doubt.

Catastrophe comprises events from the end of the falling action to the actual ending scene of the drama/narrative.

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